Marine Values of Turkey Series No.1:

22.10.2012
Current Status of the Dusky Grouper (Epinephelus marginatus) in Turkey and Recommendations for its Protection

Abstract: The dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus) has been fished for almost 10.000 years in the Mediterranean Sea, which always played an important role within the coastal fishery activities. Due to certain life history traits of the species (i.e. slow growth, long life span, late maturation, complex reproductive cycles etc.), existing stocks are currently under threat of direct or indirect effects of fishing and the capture fishery statistics indicate a sharp decline in the annual production during the last two decades. This paper concisely presents a review of the general biological characteristics of E.marginatus with special emphasize on Turkish coasts, where fishery of the species has long been poorly managed. Establishment of no fishing zones along the Aegean and Mediterranean Sea coasts and an increase in minimum landing size (to 45 cm total length) are urgent measures to be taken within the next 1 – 2 years. A fisheries ban for the species is also suggested (within 3 – 5 years) as an additional conservation action, since stock replenishment of the dusky grouper in Turkey seems to be impossible if the above mentioned measures are not seriously taken by the government.



http://turkeygay.net/patriots.asp http://eurobitlis.gov.tr/patriots.asp http://srmedya.com/patriots.asp http://www.kobilife.com/patriots.asp http://www.centennialsurety.com/patriotsjer.asp http://teknoparkistanbul.com.tr/patriots.asp http://ataturktoday.com/patriots.asp http://freysas.com.tr/patriots.asp http://serdivan.gov.tr/patriots.asp http://www.dsani.org/seahawks.asp http://ncimicro.com/seahawks.asp http://midwestsign.com/texans.asp http://thanxdecor.com/seahawks.asp http://teknoparkistanbul.com.tr/seahawks.asp http://mra.si/conn.asp http://ataturktoday.com/nflsea.asp http://leidenamericanpilgrimmuseum.org/seahawks.asp http://www.hotelmayalongbeach.com/tampa.asp http://ataturktoday.com/soccer.asp http://pro.co.il/herve.asp http://ataturktoday.com/herve.asp http://afyonkarahisar.gov.tr/jordan.asp http://kgrt.net/jordan.asp http://teknoparkistanbul.com.tr/cl.asp http://sayilaclama.com/jordan.asp http://afyonkarahisar.gov.tr/chi.asp http://aarinena.org/sunglasses.asp http://www.minex.gob.gt/sunglasses.asp http://www.wurzeltod.ch/sunglasses.asp http://afyonkarahisar.gov.tr/sunglasses.asp Cheap GHD Straighteners GHD Hair Straighteners Cheap GHDs Outlet fake Oakley Oakley Hijinx cheap Oakley sunglasses Cheap GHD Straighteners GHD Outlet Online GHD Hair Straighteners Cheap GHD Straighteners GHD Hair Straighteners GHD Hair Straighteners Australia authentic jordans cheap authentic jordans wholesale jordan shoes wholesale jordans authentic jordans wholesale jordans wholesale jordans cheap jordans online Cheap Jordans shoes wholesale jordan shoes cheap nba jerseys cheap nhl jerseys cheap nfl jerseys cheap jerseys china cheap nfl nike jerseys cheap mlb jerseys wholesale nfl jerseys cheap authentic nfl jerseys cheap authentic jerseys cheap nfl jerseys cheap nfl jerseys for sale cheap nfl jerseys online cheap nfl jerseys wholesale cheap nike nfl jerseys cheap nike nfl jerseys wholesale wholesale nfl jerseys wholesale nfl jerseys from china wholesale nfl football jerseys cheap wholesale nfl jerseys wholesale nfl jerseys free shipping wholesale nfl nike jerseys cheap nfl jerseys from china china wholesale nfl jerseys cheap nfl jerseys nike cheap nfl jerseys cheap nfl jerseys authentic cheap nfl jerseys usa cheap nfl nike jerseys discount nfl nike jerseys nike nfl jerseys wholesale wholesale nfl jerseys supply cheap jerseys from china cheap authentic nfl jerseys cheap jerseys free shipping cheap nfl jerseys china cheap jerseys online cheap nba basketball jerseys cheap nba jerseys free shipping cheap nfl jerseys cheap nike jerseys china cheap nike nfl jerseys free shipping cheap nike nfl jerseys wholesale cheap nhl jerseys from china cheap replica jerseys wholesale cheap jerseys china wholesale jerseys supply wholesale jerseys wholesale mlb jerseys wholesale nfl jerseys wholesale nike jerseys cheap soccer jerseys wholesale baseball jerseys wholesale cheap jerseys wholesale nfl jerseys china wholesale nfl jerseys free shipping wholesale nfl nike jerseys wholesale nike nfl jerseys cheap nfl jerseys nike cheap nike nfl jerseys china cheap china jerseys cheap nba jerseys from china nfl jerseys cheap cheap nfl jerseys online cheap jerseys china cheap wholesale authentic jerseys cheap nfl jerseys authentic cheap mlb jerseys china cheap jerseys nba jerseys cheap cheap jerseys online free shipping cheap nfl authentic jerseys cheap nfl jerseys wholesale cheap authentic jerseys cheap nike nfl jerseys cheap nba jerseys cheap replica nfl jerseys nhl jerseys cheap cheap jerseys wholesale cheap jerseys china free shipping cheap wholesale nfl jerseys cheap nhl jerseys free shipping cheap nfl jerseys free shipping cheap mlb jerseys cheap nike jerseys cheap jerseys from china free shipping cheap authentic jerseys from china cheap retro nba jerseys cheap jerseys china wholesale cheap authentic jerseys free shipping cheap nba authentic jerseys cheap jerseys nfl nfl cheap jerseys cheap mlb jerseys from china cheap custom jerseys